Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Will Form 5495 Revenue

Instructions and Help about Will Form 5495 Revenue

Svalbard Norwegian pronunciation s pound prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean situated north of mainland Europe it is about midway between continental Norway and the North Pole the islands of the group range from 74 degrees to 81 degrees north latitude and from 10 degrees to 35 degrees east longitude the largest island is Spitsbergen followed by nor dowsed land itand air Joya administrative lee the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian County but forms an unincorporated area administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government since 2002 Svalbard main settlement Longyearbyen has had an elected local government somewhat similar to mainland municipalities other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg the research station of NY lesund and the mining outpost of sphere over NY lesund is the northernmost settlement in the world with a permanent civilian population other settlements are farther north but are populated only by rotating groups of researchers the islands were first taken into use as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries after which they were abandoned coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century and several permanent communities were established the Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty and the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the kingdom of Norway they also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone the norwegian store norske and the russian arctic a goal remained the only my company's in place research and tourism have become important supplementary industries with the University Center in Svalbard uni's and the Svalbard global Seed Vault playing critical roles no roads connect the settlements instead snowmobiles aircraft and boats serve into community transport Val bard Airport Longyear serves as the main gateway the archipelago features an Arctic climate although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude the flora take advantage of the long period of Midnight Sun to compensate for the polar night Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds and also features polar bears reindeer the arctic fox and certain marine mammals seven national parks and 23 nature reserves cover two thirds of the archipelago protecting the largely untouched yet fragile natural environment approximately 60% of the archipelago is covered with glaciers and the islands feature many mountains and fjords Val bard and January mae n are collectively assigned the iso 3166-1 alpha-2 country code SJ both areas are administered by Norway though they are separated by a distance of over 950 kilometers 510 nautical miles and have very different administrative structures topic geography the Svalbard Treaty of 1920 defines Svalbard as all islands islets and scary's from 74 degrees to 81 degrees north latitude and from 10 degrees to 35 degrees east longitude the land area is 60 1022 square kilometers 23,000 561 square miles and dominated by the island of Spitsbergen which constitutes more than half the archipelago followed by Nordau slander tener Joya all settlements are located on Spitsbergen except the meteorological outposts on Bua and hope and the Norwegian state took possession of all unclaimed land or ninety 5.2 percent of the archipelago at the time the Svalbard Treaty entered into force store norske no percent article owns 0.4 percent while other private owners hold 0.4 percent since Svalbard is located north of the Arctic Circle it experiences Midnight Sun in summer and polar night in winter at 74 degrees north the Midnight Sun lasts 99 days and polar night 84 days while the respective figures at 81 degrees or 141 and 128 days in long year bein Midnight Sun lasts from the 20th of April until the 23rd of August and polar night lasts from the 26th of October to the 15th of February in winter the combination of full moon and reflective snow can give additional light glacial ice covers 30 6502 square kilometres 14090 4 square miles or 60% of Scour Bart 30% is barren rock while 10% is vegetated the largest is astana 8412 square kilometers or 3248 square miles on Nordau standard followed by Olaf veal and and vest fauna during summer it is possible to ski from sore cap in the south to the north of Spitsbergen with only a short distance not being covered by snow or glacier kvitov is 99.3 percent covered by glacier the landforms of Svalbard were created through repeated ice ages when glaciers cut the former plateau into fjords valleys and mountains the tallest peak is Newton Toppan 1717 meters or 5633 feet followed by parry atop in 1712 meters or five thousand six hundred and seventeen feet Sarris feel--it 1675 meters or 5495 feet chadwick riggan one thousand six hundred and forty meters or five thousand three hundred and eighty feet and Galileo top and 1637 meters or five thousand three hundred and seventy-one feet the longest fjord is wider fewer than 108 kilometers or 67 miles followed by is fewer than 107 kilometers or 66 miles than mijin fewer than 83 kilometers or 52 miles Woodford in' 64 kilometers or 40 miles and Wallenberg feudin 46 kilometers or 29 miles Svalbard is part of the High Arctic large igneous province and experienced Norway's strongest earthquake on the 6th of March 2009 which hit a magnitude of 6.5 you topic history you topic Dutch discovery exploration and mapping of a terra nullius you Norsemen possibly discovered Svalbard as early as the 12th century there are traditional Morse accounts of a land known as Val bar literally cold shores although this might have referred to January mae n or a part of Eastern Greenland it was thought both Svalbard and Greenland were connected to continental Europe the archipelago might in that period have been used for fishing and hunting the Dutchman Willem Baron test said made the first discovery of the archipelago in 1596 when he sighted its coast while searching for the northern sea route