Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Will Form 5495 Agreements

Instructions and Help about Will Form 5495 Agreements

Hello and welcome in this series of lessons I will teach you all about subject verb agreement we'll start with the basics in this lesson and in the following lessons will discuss more advanced topics such as quantity expressions group or collective nouns identifying subjects when there are interrupting phrases or clauses etc this first lesson will teach you how to make sentences with correct verb forms for different subjects and how to use the verb be that is M is our was and work as always at the end of the lesson there is a final quiz to test your understanding so if you're ready let's get started Music you so what is subject verb agreement well you know that every English sentence has a subject and a verb subject verb agreement means the subject and the verb must be in the correct form this is the rule a singular subject takes a singular verb a plural subject takes a plural verb take these two sentences that monkey eats bananas those monkeys eat bananas in the first sentence we see a singular noun as the subject monkey noun means a name so here monkey is the name of an animal this is the subject here the verb is each verb means an action in this sentence the subject is a singular noun one monkey so the verb also needs to be singular eats but in the second sentence we have a plural subject and a plural verb those monkeys eat bananas notice that the nouns and the verbs are behaving in opposite ways the singular noun monkey becomes monkeys with an S in the plural form but the verb has an S in the singular form eats and the plural verb eat does not have an S here are some more sentences that boy walks to school those boys walk to school this car goes fast these cars go fast your shirt looks nice your shirts look nice that ladies speak Spanish those ladies speak Spanish my grandfather has a big house my grandparents have a big house so the singular nouns here are monkey boy car shirt lady and grandfather these are all nouns because there are names of people animals or objects the singular verbs all have an S eats walks goes look speaks and has when we look at the plurals this is reversed the plural nouns all have an S at the end and the plural verbs have no s now with plural nouns I want to point out that there are some irregular plurals for example instead of saying that boy you can say that child walks to school but now the plural is those children walk to school not child's but still children is a plural form so we use a plural verb walk with no s added to the end here's one more example but this one is going to be a little tricky mark lives in Florida mark is the name of one man so we say lives singular verb that's easy but what if Mark has a wife Anna would you say mark and Anna lives in Florida or live in Florida well mark is one person so singular similarly Anna is one person again singular however Mark and Anna are two people so this is a plural form we need a plural verb remember that a plural verb does not take an S at the end so mark and Anna live in Florida this type of subject connected by end is called a compound subject there is another type of compound subject connected by or mark or Anna lives in Florida now notice that we have a singular verb lives this is because the conjunction or means that either mark or Anna one of those two is in Florida not both of them so only one person lives in Florida so the subject is considered singular and the verb is also in singular form this type of compound subject connected by or is not that common but it's still useful to keep this rule in mind all right there are a lot of nouns in these sentences but in natural speech and writing we often use pronouns in the place of nouns to avoid repetition for example instead of that child I can say he walks to school and instead of those children they walk to school in the place of that lady I can say she speaks Spanish and for the plural again vase Spanish they here refers to those ladies this car goes fast can be rewritten as it goes fast and these cars becomes they go fast here are all the other sentences with the noun subject changed to a pronoun subject there are two things I want to point out notice that in the first sentence I've said he she or it that's because you can refer to an animal like a monkey in the same way that you talk about a person you can use he or she or you can just say it that's also correct and second we see that all of the plurals have been changed today but in some cases you can also have we for example if you're talking to the spanish-speaking ladies they can say we speak Spanish similarly if you're in a conversation with mark and Ana mark might say we live in Florida we meeting the couple of Mark and Ana the children can say we walk to school and if monkeys could talk they'd tell you we eat bananas here's a table that shows you this pattern the first row has singular nouns and the singular pronouns he she and it so the verbs are all in singular form with an S added to the end in the second row we see plural nouns along with the two plural pronouns we and they so the verbs are all in plural form without the S

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