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Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Who Form 5495 Underlying

Instructions and Help about Who Form 5495 Underlying

Sentence 1: Welcome, this is a video for the phonology module of linguistics 101. Sentence 2: In the phonetics module, we looked at broad and narrow transcriptions. Sentence 3: At that point, it was presented as the transcription before and after the application of the phonetic processes. Sentence 4: In this video, we will look at a more fundamental perspective on the difference between broad and narrow transcriptions. Sentence 5: We will also lay the foundations for a powerful method of analyzing sound patterns in language. Sentence 6: To start, let's consider the pronunciation you might find in a dictionary. Sentence 7: For example, the word "between" is transcribed like this in the Oxford English Dictionary. Sentence 8: There are a couple of things in there that we didn't cover yet. Sentence 9: These include the stress mark (high tick) and the length mark (double dots). Sentence 10: Don't worry about those for now, but do notice that there's no aspiration marked on the "t" in "between" and no nasalization marked on the lowercase "i." Sentence 11: This is a broad transcription that leaves out the details illustrated by phonetic processes such as aspiration and nasalization. Sentence 12: A dictionary, even one with the gravitas of the Oxford English Dictionary, can afford to leave out these details because every speaker of English will automatically fill them in based on the broad transcription. Sentence 13: This is part of the unconscious workings of the phonological grammar in language. Sentence 14: It tells us that the broad transcription captures an internal representation of pronunciation, while the narrow transcription captures the external behavior and physical phonetic production. Sentence 15: The broad transcription represents the pronunciation in the mind of the speaker or listener, while the narrow transcription describes the actual spoken form. Sentence 16: The only thing we can directly observe is the narrow transcription, as we cannot...