Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Who Form 5495 Distribution

Instructions and Help about Who Form 5495 Distribution

Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self governed societies based on voluntary institutions these are often described as stateless societies although several authors have defined them more specifically as institutions based on non hierarchical or free associations anarchism holds the state to be undesirable unnecessary and harmful while opposition to the state is central anarchism specifically entails opposing Authority or hierarchical organization in the conduct of all human relations anarchism is usually considered a far left ideology and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflects anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism collectivism syndicalism mutualism or participatory economics anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view instead flexing and flowing as a philosophy many types and traditions of anarchism exist not all of which are mutually exclusive anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications topic etymology and terminology the word anarchism is composed from the word anarchy and the suffix ism themselves derived respectively from the greek and archaea ie anarchy from and Arcos and narcos meaning one without rulers from the privet of prefix n' and ie without an R chose R chose ie leader ruler CF Archon or R key arc ie Authority sovereignty realm magistracy and the suffix is Mo's or yzma is Mo's ESMA from the verbal infinitive suffix eysan eysan the first known use of this word was in 1539 various factions within the french revolution labelled opponents as anarchists as maximilien robespierre did the hobart ist's although few shared many views of later anarchists there would be many revolutionaries of the early 19th century who contributed to the anarchist doctrines of the next generation such as William Godwin and Wilhelm widely but they did not use the word anarchist or anarchism in describing themselves or their beliefs the first political philosopher to call himself an anarchist was pierre-joseph Proudhon marking the formal birth of anarchism in the mid 19th century since the 1890s and beginning in France the term libertarianism has often been used as a synonym for anarchism and its use as a synonym is still common outside the United States on the other hand some use libertarianism to refer to individualistic free-market philosophy only referring to free-market and ERK ism as libertarian anarchism topic history topic origins the earliest anarchist themes can be found in the sixth century BC among the works of Taoist philosopher Lao Zi and in later centuries by Zhuangzi and Bao jingyan Shuang his philosophy has been described by various sources as anarchist shuang's a wrote a petty thief is put in jail a great brigand becomes a ruler of a nation Diogenes of Sinope and the cynics as well as their contemporaries II know of Syd iam the founder of stoicism also introduced similar topics Jesus is sometimes considered the first anarchist in the Christian anarchist tradition George Licciardi er wrote the true founder of Anarchy was Jesus Christ and the first anarchist society was that of the Apostles in early Islamic history some manifestations of anarchic thought are found during the Islamic civil war over the Caliphate where the Kharijites insisted that the Imam aid is a right for each individual within the Islamic society the French Renaissance political philosopher Etienne de la beau EDA wrote in his most famous work the discourse on voluntary servitude what some historians consider an important anarchist precedent the radical Protestant Christian Gerrard Winstanley and his group the diggers are cited by various authors as proposing anarchist social measures in the 17th century in England the term anarchist first entered the English language in 1642 during the English Civil War as a term of abuse used by Royalists against their Roundhead opponents by the time of the French Revolution some such as the enraged ones began to use the term positively in opposition to Jacobin centralization of power seeing Revolutionary Government as oxymoronic by the turn of the 19th century the English word anarchism had lost its initial negative connotation modern anarchism emerged from the secular or religious thought of the Enlightenment particularly jean-jacques Rousseau's arguments for the moral centrality of freedom as part of the political turmoil of the 1790s in the wake of the French Revolution William Godwin developed the first expression of modern anarchist thought according to Peter Kropotkin Godwin was the first to formulate the political and economical conceptions of anarchism even though he did not give that name to the ideas developed in his work while Godwin attached his anarchist ideas to an early Edmund Burke Godwin is generally regarded as the founder of the school of thought known as philosophical anarchism he argued in political justice 1793 that government has an inherently malevolent influence on society and that it perpetuates dependency and ignorance he thought that the spread of the use of reason to the masses would eventually cause government to wither away as an unnecessary force although he did not accord the state with moral legitimacy he was against the use of revolutionary tactics for removing the government from power rather he advocated for its replacement through a process of peaceful evolution his aversion to the impious addition of a rules-based society led him to denounce as a manifestation of the people's mental enslavement the foundations of law property rights and even the institution of marriage he considered the basic foundations of society as constraining the natural development of individuals to use their powers of reasoning to arrive at a mutually beneficial method of social organization in each case government and its institutions are shown to constrain the development of our capacity to live wholly in accordance with the full and free exercise of private judgement the French pierre-joseph Proudhon is regarded as the first self-proclaimed anarchist a label he adopted in his groundbreaking work what his property