Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Who Form 5495 Copyright

Instructions and Help about Who Form 5495 Copyright

My name is Michael Harrington I'm a professor of music and intellectual property I'm a musician I've been a professional musician since I was 12 I fell into the world of copyright later on and I work as an expert witness and consultant in cases involving music copyright is something that's mysterious most of us know little about it you're not born knowing it you're not born with an inclination to do it you fall in love with music usually and then you start doing that and later on you set to learn something about law and business so you have a copyright from the moment you create something it only needs to have two things it needs to be original means it came out of your head and it has to have some tiny bit of creativity the Supreme Court called it a modicum of creativity so if you want to sound heavy and legal you'd set a modicum of creativity so it has to be original and has to be fixed in a tangible medium of expression but that they mean sheet music you recorded it audio or video informed in in an mp3 mp4 something like that so that's what you need to have a copyright there a lot of myths about copyright that for example people think you have to send your music to Washington DC it has to be registered with the Copyright Office that's a nice thing to do there are benefits to registering your copyright but it already is copyrighted from the moment of creation so all you have to do it has to be original you didn't copy it it has to be fixed you have copyright right from the moment of creation if you took 30 days to write something every version in those 30 days is protected you have copyright protection in your work someone couldn't come along and take what you did day 3 you own all of them so that's important to realize we still operate under two copyright laws if you're born after 1978 and you're creating music then what affects you is the one law called the 1976 Copyright Act 1976 Copyright Act went into effect January 1st 1978 it protects all music from January 1st 1978 onward the term of copyright means how long does it last is now the life of the author Plus 70 years after you're dead that relationship will outlast any marriage marriage does end at death it really does but copyright goes 70 years after next thing to know is what stuff is covered by copyright copyright protects your expression it doesn't protect an idea so if you had an idea to write a song about someone you broke up with then go ahead and if the person's name is Amy and you wrote a song breaking up with Amy okay so you did it that's an idea you had you want to then express it in a certain way someone else could have broken up with someone named Amy and they broke up with this Amy years before you did and then suddenly they think you're copying their music or their expression which you're not because by default this is just a basic kind of idea so it's also not original what type of creativity is and this is more of fact that's an idea so the idea is not protected the expression of the idea is copyright is really important because it's the only time you have federal protection in what you do the entire federal government is behind this it's a federal law it's not state city municipal so that gets to be really significant it's a federal action you have our government backing you in fact copyrights in the Constitution it's when they were writing a constitution article one was what powers the legislature should have and this is 1787 or so Congress had the power to promote the progress of science and useful arts and that was about protecting copyrights and patents so copyright goes back to those days and the point of copyright is to promote the progress of science and useful arts the sentence goes on in the Constitution to say by securing to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries so in other words the government gives you a monopoly on what you created but also for a limited time and then when you have this incentive to create and have a government backing you you're likely to create more and more Music you