Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Where Form 5495 Agreements

Instructions and Help about Where Form 5495 Agreements

Svalbard Norwegian pronunciation lb prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean situated north of mainland Europe it is about midway between continental Norway in the North Pole the islands of the group range from 74 degrees to 81 degrees north latitude and from 10 degrees to 35 degrees east longitude the largest island of Spitsbergen followed by Nord Island a and ed joini administratively the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian County but forms an unincorporated area administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government since 2021 Svalbard main settlement longer buin has had an elected local government somewhat similar to mainland municipalities other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg the research station of NY Allison and the mining outpost of sveagruva NY Allison does the northernmost settlement in the world with a permanent civilian population other settlements are farther north but are populated only by rotating groups of researchers the islands were first taken into use as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries after which they were abandoned coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century and several permanent communities were established the Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty in the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the kingdom of Norway they also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone the Norwegians store norske and the Russian Arctic kugel remained the only mining companies in place research and tourism have become important supplementary industries with the University Centre in Svalbard uniess and the Svalbard global Seed Vault playing critical roles no roads connect the settlements instead snowmobiles aircraft and boats serve inter-community transport valve our Airport Longyear serves as the main gateway the archipelago features an Arctic climate although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude the flora take advantage of the long period of Midnight Sun to compensate for the polar Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds and also features polar bears reindeer the arctic fox and certain marine mammals seven national parks and 23 nature reserves covered two-thirds of the archipelago protecting the largely untouched yet fragile natural environment approximately 60% of the archipelago is covered with glaciers and the islands feature many mountains and fjords Val bard and January Mayan are collectively assigned the iso 3166-1 alpha-2 country code SJ both areas are administered in Norway though they are separated by a distance of over 950 kilometers 510 nautical miles and have very different administrative structures topic geography the Svalbard Treaty of 1920 defines Val bard as all islands islets and scary's from 74 degrees to 81 degrees north latitude and from 10 degrees to 35 degrees east longitude the land area is 60 1022 square kilometers 23,000 561 square miles and dominated by the island of Spitsbergen which constitutes more than half the archipelago followed by Nord Island a and ed Giulia all settlements are located on Spitsbergen except the meteorological outposts on Bua and hopen the Norwegian state took possession of all unclaimed land or ninety-five point two percent of the archipelago at the time the Svalbard Treaty entered into force store norske owns 4% arktikugol owns 0.4 percent while other private owners hold 0.4 percent since Svalbard is located north of the Arctic Circle it experiences Midnight Sun in summer and polar night in winter at 74 degrees north the Midnight Sun lasts 99 days in polar night 84 days while the respective figures at 81 degrees are 141 and 128 days in longer buin Midnight Sun lasts from the 20th of April until the 23rd of August and polar night lasts from the 26th of October to the 15th of February in winter the combination of full moon and reflective snow can give additional light glacial ice covers 30 6502 square kilometres 14,000 94 square miles or 60% of Svalbard 30% is barren rock while 10% is vegetated the largest glacier is Austin de 8412 square kilometers or 3248 square miles on Nord Island a followed by Ola V land and vest fauna during summer it is possible to ski from sore cap in the south to the north of Spitsbergen with only a short distance not being covered by snow or glacier kvitov is 99.3 percent covered by glacier the landforms of Svalbard were created through repeated ice ages when glaciers cut the former plateau into fjords valleys and mountains the tallest peak is Newton top in 1717 meters are 5,600 33 feet follow by Perry er topping 1712 meters are 5,600 17 feet Sarah's feeling 1675 meters are 5495 feet Chadwick Reagan 1640 meters are 5380 feet in Galileo Toppan 1637 meters are 5000 371 feet the longest fewer does wide afjord in 108 kilometers are 67 miles followed by is fewer than 107 kilometers are 66 miles van mijeong fewer than 83 kilometers are 52 miles would feudin 64 kilometers or 40 miles and Wallenberg feudin 46 kilometers are 29 miles Svalbard is part of the High Arctic large igneous province an experienced Norway strongest earthquake on the 6th of March 2021 which hit a magnitude of 6.5 topic sports association football is the most popular sport in Svalbard there are three football pitches but no stadiums because of the low population topic history topic Dutch discovery exploration and mapping of a terra nullius Norsemen possibly discovered Svalbard as early as the 12th century there are traditional norse accounts of a land known as Svalbard Shores although this might have referred to January Mayan or a part of Eastern Greenland it was thought both Svalbard and Greenland were connected to continental Europe the archipelago might in that period have been used for fishing and hunting the Dutchman Willem Baron s Z made the first discovery of the archipelago in 1596 when he sighted its coast while searching for the northern sea route the name Spitsbergen.

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