Video instructions and help with filling out and completing When Form 5495 Governments

Instructions and Help about When Form 5495 Governments

When Benjamin Franklin exited the Constitutional Convention he was asked by a woman sir what have you given us his immediate response was a republic ma'am if you can keep it yet most Americans today have been persuaded that our nation's governmental system is a democracy and not a republic the difference between these two is essential in understanding Americanism and the American system before we discuss political systems however it's helpful to address the confusion that has been spread about the political spectrum many have been led to believe that the political spectrum places groups such as communists on the far left fascists or dictators on the far right and political moderates or centrist in the middle however a more accurate political spectrum will show government having zero power on the far right to having 100% power on the far left at the extreme right there is no government the extreme left features total government under such labels as communism socialism Nazism fascism Prince's potentates dictators kings any form of total government those who claim that Nazis and fascists are right-wing never define their terms this amounts to spreading confusion toward the middle of the political spectrum can be found the type of government limited to its proper role of protecting the rights of the people that's where the constitution of the United States is those who advocate such a form of government are really constitutional moderates so let's analyze the basic forms of government they are monarchy or dictatorship rule by one oligarchy ruled by a few democracy ruled by a majority Republic ruled by law and anarchy which is ruled by no one in discussing these five will see that they can be narrowed down to even fewer looking first at monarchy or dictatorship this form of government doesn't really exist in the practical sense it's always a group that puts one of its members up front a king has his Council of nobles or Earl's and every dictator has his bureaucrats or Kama czars the men behind the scene this isn't rule by one even though one person may be the visible leader it's ruled by a group so let's eliminate monarchy dictatorship because it never truly exists oligarchy which is ruled by a group is the most common form of government in all history and it is the most common form of government today most of the nations of the world are ruled by a powerful few and therefore oligarchy remains at the other end we find anarchy which means without government some people have looked over history and found that many of its worst crimes were committed by governments so they decided that having no government might be a good idea but this is a mistake because as the ancient Greeks stated without law there can be no freedom our founding fathers agreed and held that some amount of government is a necessary force in any civilized orderly Society in a state of anarchy however everyone has to guard life liberty and property and the lives of family members everyone must be armed and movement is severely restricted because once property has to be protected at all times civilized people have always hired someone to do the guarding a sheriff a police force or some branch of government once law enforcement was in place the people were free or they could leave their property work in the fields and so on ensure the proper amount of government makes everyone freer there are some who advocate anarchy however not because they want no government it's because they don't like what they have they use Anarchy as a tool for revolutionary change the condition of anarchy is very much like a vacuum with something rushes in to fill it these calculating anarchists work to break down the existing government with riot and killing looting and terrorism tragically the people living in such chaos often go to those best able to put an end to it and beg them to take over and restore order and who is best able to put an end to the chaos the very people who started it the anarchists who created the problem then create a government run by them in oligarchy where they have total power this is exactly what happened in Russia that led to Lenin taking total power and in Germany where Hitler's brown shirts created the chaos that brought him to power but anarchy is in a stable form of government it's a quick transition from something that exists to something desired by the power-hungry it's a temporary condition and because it isn't permanent we eliminate it as well the word democracy comes from two greek words demos meaning people and Crotty in' meaning to rule democracy therefore means the rule of the people majority rule this of course sounds good but suppose the majority decides to take away one's home or business or children obviously there has to be a limit the flaw in democracy is that the majority isn't restrained if more than half the people can be persuaded to want something in a democracy they rule what about Republic well that comes from the Latin res meaning thing and p blica meaning public it means the public thing the law a true republic is one where the government is limited by law leaving the people alone America's founders had a clean slate to write on they could have set up an oligarchy in fact there were some who wanted George Washington to be their king but the founding fathers knew history and they chose to give us the rule of law in a republic not the rule of a majority in a democracy why let's demonstrate the difference in the setting of the Old West consider a lynch mob in a democracy 35 horseback riders chase one lone gunman they catch him and evoked thirty five to one to hang him democracy has