Video instructions and help with filling out and completing How Form 5495 Agreements

Instructions and Help about How Form 5495 Agreements

Music hello I'm Emma from English one of the most common grammar mistakes that English learners make is to do with the subject verb agreement what's that it's as simple as it sounds the subject and the verb in English sentences must agree they must match we go to the beach on Saturdays if the subject is plural you need to use a plural verb form he goes to the beach on Saturdays he goes the subject is singular so you need to use a singular verb form and this is true most of the time now you might be thinking that you understand subject verb agreement it's simple it's easy right but it's the first thing that many English learners forget but don't worry there are some simple standard rules that you can use to help you but some aspects of singular and plural noun usage make this a little more complex so that's why I'm going to teach you some tips to master subject verb agreement in English before we start I want to highlight that there are two main areas where subject verb agreement can cause you problems the first is in your writing and it's important to know the subject verb agreement rules and how to use them correctly so that your English writing is grammatically correct the other is your speaking skills now perhaps you feel confident that you know how to match verbs to their subject but the challenge is making that clear when you're speaking and sometimes you might not even know this is a problem for you the final consonant sounds are so important too communicating clearly but for many English learners it's not that easy to do pronouncing the difference between do and does now if this sounds like you then I want you to try and practice with me out loud during this lesson make sure you're hitting those final consonant sounds ok let's begin in the present tense nouns and verbs agree in opposite ways when your subject is plural you usually add s to show that it's plural right car becomes cars baby becomes babies but when your subject is plural you do not add an S to your verb the cars look expensive our noun cars is plural cars now our verb agrees with our subject the cars look expensive now compare this to the car looks expensive when our noun is singular our verb needs to include an S in these examples the noun and the verb agree in opposite ways but I can already hear you saying what about if your subject is I or you their singular subjects but they don't use the singular verb form yes but they're an exception to the rule subject verb agreement rules are different when your subject is in the third-person singular so that's when your subject is a he a she or an it the subjects I and you are different even though they're also singular nouns they take the plural form of the verb and you just need to remember that I like to go swimming she likes to go swimming both of these sub our singular but the verb forms are different now if there is an auxilary verb a helping verb in your sentence like do or does in the present simple or am is are was were in the continuous tenses or have or has in the perfect tenses then you need to think about your subject verb agreement because the auxiliary verb becomes the agreeing verb the verb that agrees with the subject the dogs don't want it the dog doesn't want it we're going to the beach he's going to the beach Anna and Tony have been driving for hours Anna has been driving for hours now modal verbs like may could will must should they're also auxiliary verbs they help the main verb in the sentence but the subject verb agreement rules are different with modal auxiliary verbs the verb following a modal verb is never in the S form it's always in the infinitive form my friends might come my friend might come not my friend might come you should come he should come not he should come now English sentences are not always this simple are they as you add more information to your sentences they become more complex and it might be difficult to know whether your noun is singular or plural but just remember that the same structure and rules apply you need to pay close attention to where your subject is and if it's singular or plural because your verb must always match the subject regardless of the words that come in between the verb and the subject it must always match do you know what an indefinite pronoun is they're words like everybody nobody anybody someone usually indefinite pronouns take singular verbs everybody wants to be loved nobody likes to be left out now the subject of English sentences can be a little more complicated with compound subjects group nouns and relative clauses look at this sentence my mum is happy for me my mum and dad are proud of me too singular subjects joined by aunt means that your subject becomes plural and now your verb needs to show this it's the same as saying that they are proud of me so we can say that two or more singular subjects joined with aunt become a plural subject and they need a plural verb now look at this sentence Peter or Paul is coming now in this sentence the two singular subjects are treated as a singular subject because or gives us an option we're not saying both it's one singular noun or the other not both of them together we would say Peter and Paul are coming or Peter or Paul is coming playing football is fun now the same rule applies for jaren's and gerund phrases when gerunds are the